Jesus College in the 19th century was a quiet, intellectually undistinguished institution, affected mainly by the University reforms, which substantially increased the numbers of its non-Welsh fellows and, later, students. Classics and Literae Humaniores ('Greats'), the four-year course which was believed, at best, to result in omnicompetent all-rounders, produced clergy, schoolmasters, and members of the Indian, West African and Home Civil Services. Modern History had a similar function, but was taught by outside tutors until 1919, when the medievalist Sir Goronwy Edwards (Jesus, 1909; fellow and tutor 1919-48) was elected as the first College fellow in history. J.R. Green (Jesus, 1855), a local Oxford boy, clergyman, and largely self-taught, popular historian, whose Short History of the English People (1874) gave a boost to both national pride and historical studies, may have attended lectures in the newly-founded Oxford Modern History school, but did not take honours in the subject and was never an academic.